The reason that the regulations concerning sexual orientation and religion and belief will cause so many thorny problems is that the latter may well protect opinions and points of views (what else is a religion or philosophical belief?) that are rather strongly against the practice and free expression of the former.
The Times reports that a worker at a Christian hostel in Southampton was asked his views on homosexuality in a conversation with a colleague. His reply, that he was opposed to same-sex marriages and to homosexual clergy but he was not homophobic and had homosexual friends, earned him a suspension for “promoting [his] religious views which contained discriminatory comments regarding a person’s sexual orientation. The action was apparently to “to safeguard both residents and staff”.
I suspect this case will make good news copy but not really any good law. The worker is prima facie entitled to hold his religious beliefs, but that right is subject to employer controls on dignity in the workplace and so on. If a gay employee was subjected to preaching on brimstone and hellfire without invitation or acquiescence, then he would likely have a complaint. If the conversation here was simply such that the worker was asked “What are your religious views on homosexuality?” and replied as reported, then it may well be that the complaint against him is weak, and does not justify something that may be indirect religious discrimination.
Cases such as these will be deeply fact sensitive. The best guidance for employers is that they need to foster an approach to their employees which values the right to hold a sexual orientation, and the right not to have to hide it under a bushel, but similarly respects the right to hold a religious view, while recognising that expression of some of its aspects may be justifiably restricted.
For the strength of religion in shaping behaviour, see thisÂ stunning Â collection of photographs of Easter Week celebrations and observances around the world, from the usual crowds in Vatican City to bloody self-flagellation in the Philippines.
And similarly, check out the oldest known depiction of a gay couple:
Khnumhotep and Niankhkhnum are shown here in the middle of a nose-rub, the most intimate gesture in Ancient Egyptian art. They were a couple, with a family, and lived in Egypt around 2400 BC.